Topic: History of India - Ancient India.
In this special episode of Namaskar India, we will talk about linguistics, archaeology and DNA genetics studies, which helped us in unraveling many mysteries of our history.
Indian languages can be divided into two major segments- the Dravidian family and the Indo-European family. Dravidian languages are spoken in Southern India and Indo-European languages in Northern India. A lot of North Indian languages have originated from Sanskrit and have similarities with Indo-European languages. And with the help of linguistic studies and research we can accredit that to migration of Aryans from Eurasian steppes to the Indian subcontinent. Similarly, the Dravidian languages evolved from the language spoken by the people of Indus Valley Civilization, the Dravidians.
Upon genetic analysis of human skeletons found in Harappa, it was found that the Indus people had no genetic link with the Aryans. Which helps deduce that the Aryans came to the subcontinent much later. And because of climatic changes like flooding, droughts, earthquakes in the Indus plains region, both Aryans and Dravidians moved to gangetic plains and then some of the Dravidians made their way to the south.
Most Indians carry ancestry suggesting two ancient populations, “Ancestral North Indians” ANI and “Ancestral South Indians” ASI. ANI is related to Central Asians, Middle Easterners, Caucasians, and Europeans - Aryans. And ASI depicts the indegenous population of the subcontinent - Dravidians. Concentration of ANI genetic markers is more in the north and ASI in the south. These genetic markers further mix with Tibetian, Burmese, Arabs, Turks, Mughals and others, which make up the population of India today.